NOTE: These statements are based on our experience and research. What I have learned is that every incontinent cat we have is a built a bit differently, so caring for them is not one-size-fits-all. For many, their life expectancy is the same as for any other cat. Others don't make it through kittenhood or die of complications, such as bladder rupture or bowel perforations.
Disorders of the Rectum and Anus in Cats - Cat Owners - Merck Veterinary Manual
Urinary incontinence in a cat is defined as involuntary leakage of urine. Fecal incontinence is defined as involuntary defecation or lack of bowel control. These conditions are different from behaviorally inappropriate urination at sites other than the litter box or outdoors, urination at the wrong time at night or medically inappropriate urination because of a medical condition UTI. Chronic diarrhea occurring as a result of irritable bowel syndrome or gastrointestinal cancer such as lymphoma is not considered fecal incontinence. It is important to note that incontinent cats are individuals: Some may not leak at all and require minimal care, while others may leak frequently and require more care. Before adopting an incontinent cat, make sure to consider your comfort level and the amount of time you can commit to care. This will ensure the right fit for your home and lifestyle.
The anal sacs are glands located on each side of the anus. They are related to the scent glands in skunks and produce small amount of dark, foul-smelling liquid which is normally squeezed out during defecation. Anal sacs may become clogged impacted , infected, abscessed, or cancerous. Anal sac disease is much less common in cats than in dogs. In cats, the most common form of anal sac disease is impaction.
Related terms : spina bifida, myelodysplasia, spinal cord dysplasia, hydromyelia, spinal dysraphism, syringomyelia, spinal dysplasia. Outline :The genetic mutation that causes Manx tail-less cats also frequently causes severe disease consequences because of its effects on the development of the spine and spinal cord. The various forms of spina bifida which commonly occur lead to complications which can cause partial paralysis, prevent normal behaviours, cause incontinence, and lead to painful infections. Cats evolved to have tails and they use them for communication and balance.